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Words Starting with B

 

Babruvāhana (बब्रुवाहन) – son of Arjuna and Citrāńgadā

 

Bādārayaṇa (बादारयण) – another name of Vyāsadeva

 

Bāla Kāṇḍa (बाल काण्ड) – the first canto of the Rāmāyaṇa describing the Lord’s childhood and teenage pastimes.

 

Baladeva (बलदेव) – Lord Balarāma in deity form

 

Balarāma (बलराम) – the primary expansion of Kṛṣṇa, who appeared on earth as the elder brother of Kṛṣṇa and later as Lord Nityānanda

 

Bali (बलि) – grandson of Prahlāda Mahārāja and devotee of Lord Kṛṣṇa who lost his entire kingdom by the grace of Lord Vāmana

 

bāḿsurī (बांसुर) – a transverse bamboo flute

 

ńāli ektāl (बाङ्गालि एकताल) – (Bangla ektal or Bengali ektal) a folk form of ektal of twelve beats; also known as lofā tāla

 

Barabarika (बरबरिक) – son of Ghatotkaca, grandson of Bhīma

 

Bāul (बाउल) – (lit. “mad”) group of wandering minstrels in Bengal; originated from a deviating from the teachings of Lord Caitanya

 

Bāul Sańgīt (बाउल सङ्गीत) – book by Bhaktivinoda Ṭhākura with thirteen songs refuting the practices of the Bāuls and preaching Kṛṣṇa Consciousness

 

Bhagavad-Gita (भगवद्-गीत) – a section of the Mahābhārata where Lord Kṛṣṇa instructs Arjuna about the essence of all Vedic literature and devotional service as the paramount of all paths

 

bhagavān (भगवान) – term by Parāśara Muni used to describe God bearing six qualities in full form: immense beauty, strength, fame, wealth, knowledge, and renunciation

 

Bhāgavata Purāṇa (भागवत पुराण) – (Bhāgavatam or Srīmad-Bhāgavatam) a twelve canto scripture written by Vyāsadeva explaining the divine pageants of the Lord and His devotees exemplifying devotional service, known as the “ripe tree of Vedic literature.”

 

Bhagiratha (भगिरथ) – son of Dilipa who performed rigorous penance to Lord Brahmā and Siva in order to have the Gańgā enter the earth to redeem his forefathers

 

bāyā (बाय) – the bigger bass side (or drum) of a drum

 

Bhairava (भैरव) – one of the ten thāṭs and a well-known rāga sung in the early morning hours

 

Bhairavī (भैरव) – one of the ten thāṭs and a well-known rāga known for its ease and flexibility

 

bhajana (भजन) – 1) devotional song 2) practice of devotional service

 

bhajanī (भजन)– common rhythmic cycle of eight beats

 

bhakta (भक्त) – devotee (male)

 

bhakti (भक्ति) – devotional service (or bhaktī-yoga)

 

Bhakti-Prajρāna Keśava Gosvāmī (भक्ति-प्रज्ञान केशव गोस्वाम) – disciple of Srīla Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī and initiator of A.C. Bhaktivedānta Svāmī into the renounced order of life.

 

Bhakti-Rasāmṛta-Sindhu (भक्ति-रसामृत-सिन्ध) – “Nectar of Devotion”; a treatise by Rūpa Gosvāmī explaining the elementary, fundamentals, and advanced practices and topics of devotional service and love of the Lord

 

bhaktinī (भक्तिन) – (bhaktin) devotee (female)

 

Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī (भक्तिसिद्धान्त सरस्वत) – (born Bimala Prasāda) spiritual master of A.C. Bhaktivedānta Svāmī; son of Bhaktivinoda Ṭhākura

 

Bhaktivinoda Ṭhākura (भक्तिविनोद ठाकुर) – (born Kedarnātha Datta) father of Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī, prolific ācārya who wrote many songs, essays, and purports envisioning a worldwide movement of Kṛṣṇa Consciousness

 

Bharata (भरत) – the second oldest son of King Daśaratha, son of Kaikeyi; incarnation of Lord Kṛṣṇa’s expansion Pradyumna.

 

Bhārata (भारत) – 1) the emperor of India and found of the Bhārata (Kuru) dynasty, son of Duśyanta and Sakuntalā 2) the official name of India (Bhārata-varṣa)

 

Bharatanāṭyam (भरतनाट्यम) – South Indian classical dance based off of bhāva (emotional expression), rāgam (melodic aspects), and tālam (rhythmic aspects)

 

bharatī (भरत) – the inner layer of a tabla, pakhawaj, and khol which protects it from excessive strain and contact with the drum shell

 

bhāva (भाव) – the emotional state expressed

 

bhaya (भय) – fear

 

Bhīma (भीम) – (also known as “Bhīmasena”) second oldest son of ṇḍu and Kuntī, known for his extraordinary strength and Herculean tasks

 

Bhīmasena (भीमसेन) – 1) another name of Bhīma 2) son of Parikit

 

Bhīṣma (भीष्म) – (Bhīṣmadeva) (lit. “the terrible one”) formerly Devavrata, son of Sāntanu and Gańgā-devī, the patriarch of the Kuru clan for five to six generations, one of the chief authorities in devotional service to Kṛṣṇa

 

Bhīṣma Parvaa (भीष्म पर्वण) – the sixth book of the Mahābharata describing the events of the war when Bhīṣma was the commander-in-chief of the Kaurava army; contains the Bhagavad-Gītā

 

Bimala Prasāda (बिमल प्रसाद) – see Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī

 

bīn (बीन) – 1) rudra-vīnā 2) snake charmer

 

bol (बोल) – 1) speak (imperative; also “bolo”) 2) the syllables given to the strokes on the drum 3) the plucking or bowing manner of a stringed instrument 4) lyrics of a song

 

bol method – the method of learning a percussion instrument by learning and building the strokes progressively

 

Brahmā (ब्रह्म) – 1) the first living form who is in charge of creating the universe under the Lord’s supervision; checks those in modes of passion 2) a fourteen beat rhythmic cycle

 

brahma-jijρāsā (ब्रह्म जिज्ञास) – inquiry into spiritual knowledge

 

Brahmā-Saḿhitā (ब्रह्म संहित) – the song-prayer written by Brahmā glorifying the Lord as Govinda, the primeval Lord

 

Brahmā Vimohana (ब्रह्म विमोहन) – name of Lord Kṛṣṇa for delivering Lord Brahmā for capturing the citizens of Vraja

 

brahmācārya (ब्रह्माचार्य) – the first order of life which consists of celibacy and study

 

brahmajyoti (ब्रह्माज्योति) – the bodily effulgence of the Lord

 

Brahmāloka (ब्रह्मालोक) – the heavenly abode of Lord Brahmā

 

Brahman (ब्रह्मण) – 1) the impersonal aspect of the Lord 2) individual soul 3) the Supreme Lord 4) the total material substance

 

brāhmaṇa (ब्राह्मण) – the highest class in the varṇāśrama dharma system, the enlightened teaching class of people

 

brahmāṇḍa (ब्रह्माण्ड) – all creation

 

Bhad Bhāgavatāmṛtam (बृहद्-भागवतामृतम) – an advanced book on the nectar of the Bhāgavatam by Sanātana Gosvāmī

 

Bhad-deśi (बृहद्देशि) – a musical treatise written by Matańga Muni

 

Bhad Mṛdańga (बृहद्-मृदङ्ग) – worldwide book distribution of Vedic literature (lit. “listening to the khol encompass the world”)

 

Bṛhaspatī (बृहस्पत) – the spiritual master and advisor of the demigods

 

Buddha (बुद्ध) – the incarnation of the Lord to steer people away from the Vedic system in order to prevent misuse of scriptures for unauthorized animal slaughter

 

buddhi (बुद्धि) – intelligence

 

buddhi-yoga (बुद्धि योग) – another word for bhakti-yoga indicating the highest of use intelligence

 

UPDATED: June 11, 2009