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Words Starting with G

 

gab (गॉब) – see syāhi

 

gadā (गद) – mace

 

Gadādhara (गदाधर) – 1) principal associate of Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu 2) “the mace warrior”

 

gaja (गज) – elephant

 

Gaja Jhampā (गज झम्प) – a rare fifteen beat cycle

 

gajarā (गजर) – 1) braid 2) the outermost layer in the classical drum head where the tasma are interwoven; it is a non-playable section

 

Gajendra (गजेन्द्र) – an elephant who sought the help of Lord Kṛṣṇa

 

Gandhāra (गन्धार) – modern-day Afghanistan ruled by Sakuni

 

gāndhāra (गान्धार) – the third note in the musical scale (Ga)

 

Gandhārī (गान्धार) – brother of Sakuni and husband of Dhṛṭarāṣṭra

 

gandharva (गन्धर्व) – 1) celestial musicians in the heavenly planets 2) tribal men

 

Gaṇeśa (गणेश) – 1) the elephant-headed demigod in charge of material wealth and removal of obstacles, son of Siva and Pārvatī 2) an eighteen beat pakhāwaj cycle

 

Gańgā – (Ganges) the most sacred river in India

 

Gañjavanta (गञ्जवन्त) – a bear general

 

Garbhodakaśāyī Viṇu (गर्भोदकशाय विष्ण) – one of the Puruṣa-avatāras in charge of creating diversity in each universe

 

Garga (गर्ग) – the royal priest of the Yadu clan, the dynasty which Lord Kṛṣṇa chose to appear in

 

Garuḍa (गरुड) – the man-eagle carrier of Lord Viṇu

 

gat (गत) – a musical composition

 

gatī (गत) – 1) lit. “speed” 2) the scheme in South Indian rhythms to expand length on previously defined rhythmic cycles

 

Gauḍīya ṭha (गौडीय माठ) – (lit. “institution based on devotion of Rādhā (Gaurī)”) Vedic institution founded by Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī in the earlier twentieth century

 

Gaura (गौर) – (Gora) (lit. “fair”) a name for Lord Caitanya

 

Gaura Kiśora dāsa bābājī (गौर किशोर दास बाबाज) – spiritual master of Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī

 

Gaura Mohana De (गौर मोहन दे) – (Gour Mohan Dey) father of A.C. Bhaktivedānta Svāmī Prabhupāda

 

Gaura Purṇīma (गौर पुर्णीम) – the appearance day of Lord Caitanya

 

Gaurāńga (गौराङ्ग) – (lit. “fair body”) a name for Lord Caitanya

 

Gautama (गौतम) – the sage who cursed his wife to be a stone, despite her innocence during an act of deceit by Indra

 

Gāyatrī (गायत्र) – a mantra sealed in confidentiality chanted upon receiving brahminical initiation; demigoddess personifying the mantra

 

gaza (गज़) – the bow used in bowing instruments

 

ghana vādya (घन वाद्य) – nonmembranous percussion;

 

ghaṭā (घण्ट) – bells

 

ghaṭam (घटम) – a clay pot used in South Indian music

 

ghī (घी) – (ghee) clarified butter used for cooking and for lighting a lamp for āratī celebrations

 

Giridhara (गिरिधर) – the lifter of the mountain; Kṛṣṇa

 

Girirāja (गिरिराज) – the king of mountains; Govardhana

 

gīta (गीत) – a song

 

Gītā (गीत) – see Bhagavad-Gītā

 

Gīta Govinda (गीत गोविन्द) – a collection of songs of the intimate pastimes of Srī Srī Rādhā Kṛṣṇa by Jayadeva Gosvāmī

 

Gītamālā (गीतमाल) – songbook by Bhaktivinoda Thākura with eighty songs about five spiritual topics

 

Gītāvalī (गीतावल) – songbook by Bhaktivinoda Thākura with kirtana-based songs

 

go (gau) (गौ) – cow

 

go rakṣā (गौ रक्ष) – cow protection

 

Gokula (गोकुल) – the part of the Vraja territory where Lord Kṛṣṇa spent His early pastimes at

 

Goloka (गोलोक) – the planet of cows; Kṛṣṇa’s eternal abode

 

gopa (गोप) – cowherd boys; Lord Kṛṣṇa’s eternal friends

 

Gopāla (गोपाल) – protector of the cows, Kṛṣṇa

 

Gopāla Bhaṭṭa Gosvāmī (गोपाल भट्ट गोस्वाम) – one of the six Gosvāmīs of Vṛndāvana

 

Gopāla Campu (गोपाल चम्प) – book filled by praises, hymns, songs, and descriptions by Jīva Gosvāmī

 

gopī (गोप) – cowherd girls; Lord Kṛṣṇa’s eternal girlfriends who exemplify love for Kṛṣṇa

 

gopī gīta (गोप गीत) – the song of the gopī girls to Kṛṣṇa when He was ready to leave for Mathurā

 

gopīcandana (गोपीचन्दन) – the dust of Vṛndāvana; ingredient used for preparing tīlaka

 

gopīyantra (गोपीयन्त्र) – the Bengali ektār with one string within a wooden well fastened with two bamboo sticks

 

Gopī-jana-vallabha (गोपी-जन-वल्लभ) – (gopī-vallabha) the lover of the cowherd girls; name for Kṛṣṇa

 

Gosvāmī (गोस्वाम) – a spiritual leader who has controlled their senses

 

Govardhana (गोवर्धन) – the expansion of Kṛṣṇa in the form of a hill; Kṛṣṇa lifted Govardhana Hill to protect the inhabitants of Vraja from the wrath of Indra

 

Govinda (गोविन्द) – one who pleases the senses of the cows, Kṛṣṇa

 

Govinda Dāsa Kavirāja (गोविन्द दास कविराज) – a well known Vaiṇava poet

 

gṛhastha (गृहस्त) – the second stage of life; householder’s life

 

guba (गुब) – see khamak

 

Guḍakeśa (गुडकेश) – “one with fine hair”, name of Arjuna

 

Guha (गुह) – king of the tribal class of people outside of the Kosala nation who was very dear to Lord Rāma

 

gulāba (गुलाब) – rose

 

gulāba jāmun (गुलाब जामुन) – (gulāb-jambū)

 

guṇa (गुण) – quality

 

guru (गुर) – (gurudeva) (lit. “heavy”; also lit. “one who removes ignorance”) spiritual master

 

guru dakṣinā (गुर दक्षिन) – fees given to the guru

 

guru sevā (गुर सेव) – service to the guru

 

gurukula (गुरुकुल) – the boarding school where children begin their education at age five, living celibate lives studying until early teenage years

 

UPDATED: June 27, 2009