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Words Starting with M

 

Madana-gopāla (मदन गोपाल) – name of Lord Kṛṣṇa

 

Madana-mohana (मदन मोहन) – name of Lord Kṛṣṇa

 

Mādhava (माधव) – killer of Madhu; name of Lord Kṛṣṇa

 

Mādhavācarya (माधवाचार्य) – an ācārya in the Gauḍīyā succession of disciples

 

Mādhavendra Purī (माधवेन्द्र पुर) – spiritual master of Īśvara Purī

 

Madhvācārya (मध्वाचार्य) – a thirteenth century ācārya who preached the theistic philosophy of “pure dualism”; i.e. distinct difference between the Lord and the individual living entities

 

madhya (मध्य) – 1) one of the seven original tālams in South Indian music 2) medium tempo

 

madhya saptaka (मध्य सप्तक) – middle octave

 

madhyama (मध्यम) – the fourth note in the musical scale

 

Mādrī (माद्र) – the second wife of Pāṇḍu who accepted self-immolation after Pāṇḍu’s death; mother of Nakula and Sahadeva

 

Mahābhārata (महाभारत) – the epic written by Vyāsadeva describing the history of India and the lunar dynasty as it entered the Age of Kali; contains the Bhagavad-gītā

 

mahājana (महाजन) – the chief authorities on the process of pure devotional service to the Lord

 

Mahāprasthānika Parvana (महाप्रस्थानिक पर्वन) – the seventeenth book discussing the retirement of the Pāṇḍavas and Draupadī

 

mahā-mantra (महामन्त्र) – see Hare Kṛṣṇa

 

mahat-tattva (महत्तत्त्व) – total material energy

 

mahātmā (महात्म) – “great soul”

 

maidān (मैदान) – “midfield”; the region between the kinnar and syahi on a classical drum head

 

Mainaka (मैनक) – the mountain in the sea between India and Sri Kṛṣṇa that offered to help Hanumān

 

Mālyavān (माल्यवान) – the maternal grandfather of Rāvaṇa

 

mānava (मानव) – human-life

 

mandarā saptaka (मन्दर सप्तक) – the lower octave

 

Maṇḍavī (माण्डव) – wife of Bharata

 

Māndhātā (मान्धात) – arrogant and powerful king of the solar dynasty who was defeated by Lavaṇa

 

Mandodarī (मन्दोदर) – the principal queen of Rāvaṇa; mother of Meghnāda

 

Mantharā (मन्थर) – maid of Kaikeyī who instigated a plot to send Rāma to the forest

 

mantra (मन्त्र) – a syllable, word, verse, or incantation with special spiritual potency or realization

 

Manu (मन) – the first man on Earth

 

Manu-Saḿhitā (मन संहित) – the Vedic law book for human society

 

Matysa-deśa (मत्स्य-देश) – the kingdom near the Kuru nation where the Pāṇḍavas stayed in anonymity for one year

 

Matsyadeva (मत्स्यदेव) – the Lord’s form of a fish to save the Vedas and protect Satyavrata and the elements of the Earth

 

Mārīca (मारीच) – the uncle of Rāvaṇa who took form of golden deer to divert the attention of Lord Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa

 

Maruta (मरुत) – see Vāyu

 

Mārwā (मारव) – one of the ten parent scales of North Indian music

 

mātā (मात) – mother

 

mātṛ (मात) – prefix: “mother-”

 

mātrā (मात्र) – unit of time in Indian rhythms

 

matta (मत्त) – 1) lit. ecstatic 2) a rare nine beat rhythmic cycle

 

Mausala Parvana (मौसल पर्वन) – the sixteenth book discussing the destruction of the Yādava race

 

Maya (मय) – father of Mandodarī who was well known for his role as an architect, he surrendered to Kṛṣṇa and offered the Pāṇḍavas the palace of illusion

 

Māyā (माय) – “that was it not”; the Lord’s illusory energy

 

Māyāvāda (मायावाद) – impersonal philosophy

 

Māyāvādī (मायावाद) – impersonalist

 

Meghnāda (मेघनाद) – eldest of Rāvaṇa and Mandodarī; “thunder-voiced”

 

mela (मेल/मेळकर्त)– (melakartā) the system of classifying rāgams of South Indian into seventy-two scales

 

miśra (मिश्र) – 1) mixed 2) the class of rhythmic cycles based on having similarity to seven-beat cycles

 

Miśra Cāpu (मिश्र चाप) – a seven beat cyclic form used in Carnatic music

 

Mithilā (मिथिल) – the capital city of Videha

 

mizrāb (मिज़राब) – (mezrāb) the finger pick used to pluck the strings on a sitar

 

mleccha (म्लेच्च) – ones who do not follow the Vedic culture

 

Mohinī (मोहिन) – Lord Viṇu in the form of a woman to steer the nectar of immortality to the demigods

 

Mohana (मोहन) – “the one that enchants”; name of Lord Kṛṣṇa

 

mokṣa (मोक्ष) – salvation

 

mdańga (मृदङ्ग) – 1) (mṛt + ańga = “clay body”) see khol 2) general term for two-headed barrel drums

 

mdańgam (मृदङ्गम) – the two-headed barrel low-pitched wooden drum in South Indian music

 

mṛga (मृग) – deer

 

Mṛga Nayana (मृग नयन) – “deer eyed one” (female = Mṛga Nayanī)

 

Mṛgeśa (मृगेश) – the lord of deers; Kṛṣṇa

 

mṛtyu (मृत्य) – death

 

Mṛtyu-loka (मृत्य लोक) – lit. “world of the mortals”; the material world

 

muḍha (मुढ) – donkey; (coll. “fool”)

 

mukra (मुखड़) – (mukaḍā) 1) lit. “face”; verse in a song 2) the cadence form connecting two rhythmic cycles together

 

mukti (मुक्ति) – liberation from the cycle of repeated birth and death

 

murtī (मुर्त) – lit. “personification”; Deity statues

 

Muṣṭika (मुष्टिक) – the minister and wrestler of Kaḿsa; killed by Balarāma

 

UPDATED: July 5, 2009