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Words Starting with P

 

pakhavāja (पखवाज) – (pakhawāj, pakhāoyāja, pakhāvaja) (paka + vādyam = “side instrument”); the barrel drum with a deep low pitched sound used in old classical, haveli, dhamāra, and dhrupada music

 

pakaḍa (पकड़) – (pakkad) see svarūpa

 

pakoḍā (पकोड़) – (pakorā) fried chips made from vegetables dipped in chick-pea flour

 

pańca bhūta (पञ्च भूत) – the five material elements; earth, fire, wind, water, ether

 

Pańca-Tattva (पञ्च तत्त्व) – Lord Caitanya and His associates

 

Pańcajaya (पञ्चजन्य) – the conchshell of Lord Kṛṣṇa

 

ńcāla (पाञ्चाल) – the kingdom where Drupada ruled

 

ńcālī (पाञ्चाल) – Draupadī

 

pańcama (पञ्चम) – the fifth note in the musical scale

 

Pańcavaṭī (पञ्चवट) – the forest

 

Pāṇḍu (पाण्ड) – the second oldest son of Vicitravīrya, son of Ambālikā, husband of Kuntī and Mādrī, and father of the five Pāṇḍavas; king of Hastinapura until an accident occurred followed by his untimely death

 

Pāṇḍava (पाण्डव) – the five sons of Pāṇḍu; Yudhiṣṭhira, Bhīma, and Arjuna through Kuntī, Nakula and Sahadeva (through Mādrī)

 

pańga (pung) (पङ्ग) – a Manipuri version of the khol with a lower pitched sound

 

pāpa (पाप) – sin

 

Pāpa-puruṣa (पाप पुरुष) – the embodiment of sins created by Lord Viṣṇu who hides in all grain products on Ekādasī days

 

parabrahman (परब्रह्मन) – the Supreme Lord, who is superior than His impersonal aspect of Brahman

 

paramātmā (परमात्म) – the local aspect of the Supreme Lord as the indwelling witness and guide; the Supersoul in each living entity

 

paramparā (परम्पर) – succession of disciples

 

Parāśara Muni (पराशर मुनि) – the father of Vyāsadeva and the original narrator of the Viṣṇu Pūrāṇa

 

Paraśurāma (परशुराम) – Lord Kṛṣṇa’s form as a brāhmaṇa to destroy the demoniac administrative class of men twenty-one times before retiring

 

pari (परि) – fairy

 

pārijāta (पारिजात) – (Nyctanthes arbor-tristis) a tree mentioned in the Vedic scriptures

 

Parīkṣit Mahārāja (परीक्षित महाराज) – the grandson of Arjuna and the ruler of the Kuru nation at the onset of Kaliyuga, who got liberation by listening to the Srīmad Bhāgavatam for seven days before his foreseen death

 

Pārtha (पार्थ) – the son of Pṛthā (Kuntī); Arjuna

 

Pārvatī (पार्वत) – the eternal consort of Lord Siva

 

pātāla (पाताल) – one of the hellish planets

 

Patańjalī (पतञ्जल) – the author of the original yoga system

 

pati (पति) – 1) leader 2) husband

 

patnī (पत्न) – wife

 

prabhu (प्रभ) – master, lord

 

Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न) – 1) an expansion of the Lord who took form as Bharata during Lord Rāma’s pastimes 2) the son of Rukmiṇī and Kṛṣṇa (NOTE: Pradyumna of Krsna lila and the expansion Pradyumna are not the same)

 

Prahasta (प्रहस्त) – one of Rāvaṇa’s sons

 

Prahlāda Mahārāja (प्रह्लाद महाराज) – the son of Hiraṇyakaśipu who was a great devotee and was protected by Lord Nṛsiḿha

 

prakāśa (प्रकाश) – light

 

Prakāśānanda Sarasvatī (प्रकाशानन्द सरस्वत) – an impersonalist sannyasī who, after being defeated by Lord Caitanya, became his disciple along with all of his followers

 

prakṛtī (प्रकृत) – energy or nature

 

prāṇa (प्राण) – life

 

prāṇāma (प्रणाम) – obeisances; respects

 

prāṇāyama (प्राणायम) – breath control as a means of advancement of yoga

 

prasāda (प्रसाद) – (prasādam) 1) lit. “mercy” 2) anything offered to the Lord, and then consumed after His use; commonly remnants of the food offered to the Lord

 

Prativindhya (प्रतिविन्ध्य) – son of Yudhiṣṭhira and Draupadī

 

pratyāhāra (प्रत्याहार) – sensory withdrawal as a means of advancement of yoga

 

prema (प्रेम) – love

 

Pthā (पृथ) – name of Kuntī

 

Pthu (पृथ) – a king who was an ideal devotee and taught the ideals of perfect temple service and honoring devotees

 

Pṛthvī (पृथ्व) – Mother Earth

 

pūjā (पूज) – deity worship

 

Purāṇa (पुराण) – lit. “that what is eternally new”; the eighteen historical scriptures supplementing the Vedas

 

Purī (पुर) – see Jagannātha Puri

 

puri (पुरि) – 1) fried wheat dough 2) (puddi, purri, puḍi) the head of a classical drum

 

Purocana (पुरोचन) – the architect who conspired with Sakuni and Duryodhana to build a wax-house for the Pāṇḍavas, so they can be killed by burning the wax house while they are asleep

 

puruṣa (पुरुष) – “the enjoyer”; the individual soul or Supreme Lord

 

Puruṣa-avatāra (पुरुष अवतार) – the primary expansions of Viṣu in affect the creation, maintenance, and destruction of the material universes

 

Puṣkala (पुष्कल) – Bharata’s son

 

Puṣpaka (पुष्पक) – the great swan aerial car that carried Sītā, Rāma, Lakṣmaṇa, the ape generals, Vibhiṣaṇa, and other devotees to Ayodhyā, originally owned by Kubera but seized by Rāvaṇa

 

puṣpa (पुष्प) – flowers

 

puṣpāńjalī (पुष्पाञ्जल) – offering flowers in reverence and devotion

 

Pūtanā (पूतन) – Kaḿsa’s demonic nurse who was sent to kill Kṛṣṇa during His infant pastimes

 

UPDATED: July 6, 2009