Krsna Kirtana Songs est. 2001                                                                                                                                                      www.kksongs.org


KKSongs Ramayana Glossary

 

āditya – sons of Āditī, the mother of the demigods.

 

Agastya – the seer who aided Lord Rāma in person and in spirit

 

Ahilyā – the wife of sage Gautama; she was deceived by Indra and was cursed by her husband to become a stone. Lord Rāma redeemed her in His early pastimes.

 

Ahovala – the divine abode of Nṛsiḿha

 

Aja – father of King Daśaratha

 

Akṣa-kumāra – the son of Rāvaṇa who was killed by Hanumāna

 

Āḿsumān – son of King Sagara

 

Ananta – (lit. “without end”) another name of Lord Sesa.

 

Ańgada – 1) son of King Vāli, nephew of Sugrīva, commander-in-chief of the army of apes and bears; 2) the son of Lakṣmaṇa

 

Añjanā – mother of Hanumān

 

Āñjaneya – (lit. “son of Añjanā”) another name for Hanumān)

 

Aniruddha – 1) one of the four expansions of the Lord Vasudeva; incarnated on earth as Satrughna during Rāma’s pastimes. 2) son of Pradyumna and grandson of Lord Kṛṣṇa

 

Araṇya Kāṇḍa – the canto describing Lord Rāmacandra’s forest pastimes and Sītā’s kidnapping.

 

Arundhatī – wife of sage Vaśiṣṭha

 

asura – demoniac persons

 

Atikāya – son of Rāvaṇa and Dhanyamālinī

 

Avadha – another name of Ayodhyā

 

avatāra – descent of the Lord on Earth to exhibit pastimes (loosely defined as ‘incarnation’).

 

Ayodhyā – the abode of Lord Rāma mirrored on earth; the capital city of the kingdom of Kośala.

 

Ayodhyā Kāṇḍa – the canto that describes the marriage of Lord Rāma and Sītā, the declaration of coronation of Rāma, and the start of His fourteen year exile.

 

Bāla Kāṇḍa – the first canto of the Rāmāyaṇa describing the Lord’s childhood and teenage pastimes.

 

Balarāma – the primary expansion of Kṛṣṇa, who appeared on earth as the elder brother of Kṛṣṇa and later as Lord Nityānanda

 

Bāli – grandson of Prahlāda Mahārāja and devotee of Lord Kṛṣṇa

 

bhagavān – term by Parāśara Muni used to describe God bearing six qualities in full form: immense beauty, strength, fame, wealth, knowledge, and renunciation

 

Bhagiratha – son of Dilipa who performed rigorous penance to Lord Brahmā and Siva in order to have the Gańgā enter the earth to redeem his forefathers

 

Bharata – the second oldest son of King Daśaratha, son of Kaikeyi; incarnation of Lord Kṛṣṇa’s expansion Pradyumna.

 

Bhārata – 1) the emperor of India and found of the Bhārata (Kuru) dynasty 2) the official name of India (Bhārata-varṣa)

 

brāhmaṇa – the highest class in the varṇāśrama dharma system, the enlightened teaching class of people

 

Candra – the deity in charge of the moon.

 

caraṇa – feet

 

Citraketu – Lord Lakṣmaṇa’s son

 

Citrakūṭa – the forest area where Rāma, Sītā, and Lakṣmaṇa stayed until Bharata’s arrival

 

Cyavana – a seer who sought protection from Lord Rāma when the demon Lavaṇa oppressed the ascetics and devotees in Mathurā.

 

daitya – demoniac persons; sons of Ditī

 

Daśagrīva – (“one with ten heads”) another name of Rāvaṇa.

 

Daśānana – another name of Rāvaṇa.

 

daśavatāra – the ten well-known forms of Lord Kṛṣṇa by Jayadeva Gosvāmī.

 

Daśaratha – father of Lords Rāma, Bharata, Lakṣmaṇa, and Satrughna

 

deva – demigod or divine personality

 

dharma – eternal religious principles and duties; righteousness

 

Dhanyamālinī – second wife of Rāvaṇa, mother of Atikāya

 

Dilīpa – father of Bhagiratha, ancestor of Lord Rāma

 

Durvāsa – the seer who was known for his curses and short temper

 

Duṣaṇa – brother of Khara

 

Drumakulya – the village where the Brahmāstra (by Lord Rāma’s desire) destroyed the demons to create the fountain hood of science and medicine

 

Dvāpara Yuga – the age when religion and irreligion was on equilibrium

 

Garuḍa – the man-eagle carrier of Lord Viṇu

 

Gañjavanta – a bear general

 

Gautama – the sage who cursed his wife to be a stone, despite her innocence during an act of deceit by Indra

 

Guha – king of the tribal class of people outside of the Kosala nation who was very dear to Lord Rāma

 

guru – (lit. “heavy”; also lit. “one who removes ignorance”) spiritual master

 

Hanumān – (Hanumat) eternal devotee of Lord Rāma

 

Hari – a name of Viṇu or Kṛṣṇa

 

Indra – the king of the demigods

 

Indrajīt – a name of Meghnada in lieu of defeating and kidnapping Indra

 

Ikvāku – king of the Raghu dynasty

 

Jāmbavanta – the king of bears, son of Brahmā who assisted Lord Rāma, minister of Sugrīva; father of Satyabhāmā, father-in-law of Lord Kṛṣṇa

 

Janaka – foster-father of Sītā, father-in-law of Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa, ascetic-king of the nation Videha

 

Janasthāna – the forest Sītā, Rāma, and Lakṣmaṇa stayed at before their final forest pastimes ended

 

Jaṭāyu – the great aged vulture who was killed by Rāvaṇa while trying to protect Sītā

 

Jaya – 1) victory 2) the gatekeeper of Vaikunṭha who was cursed with Vijaya to be born as demons for three births.

 

Kabandha – the torso-shaped demon with long arms, slayed by Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa to free him from the curse

 

Kālanemi – 1) demon killed by Viṇu 2) demon sent by Rāvaṇa to distract Hanumān from finding the sañjīvanī plant

 

Kaikasi – wife of Viśravā, mother of Kumbhakarṇa, Rāvaṇa, and Vibhiṣaṇa

 

Kaikeyi – mother of Bharata; extracted the two boons from Daśaratha to make Bharata the king and exile Lord Rāma for fourteen years

 

Kaliyuga – the present age of quarrel and hypocrisy; started roughly five thousand years ago

 

Kauśalya – mother of Lord Rāma

 

Kesari – father of Hanumān, a general of the ape army

 

Khara – one of Rāvaṇa’s distant brothers

 

Kikindhā – the city consisting of bears and apes, ruled once by Vāli, then Sugrīva

 

Kikindhā Kāṇḍa – canto describing pastimes and the friendship of Lord Rāma and Sugrīva

 

Kṛṣṇa – the Supreme Personality of Godhead

 

Kumbhakarṇa – younger brother of Rāvaṇa and elder brother of Vibhiṣaṇa

 

Kuśa – son of Lord Rāma, elder brother of Lava

 

Kuśadhvaja – father of Maṇḍavī and Srutakīrtī; father-in-law of Bharata and Satrughna

 

Lakṣmaṇa – 1) Lord Rāma’s younger brother, third oldest son of Daśaratha, son of Sumitrā, incarnation of Sańkarṣana 2) son of Duryodhana in the Mahābhārata

 

Lakṣmī – the eternal consort of Lord Viṣu

 

Lańkā – the nation in an island south of India where Rāvaṇa ruled

 

Lańkā Kāṇḍa – see Yuddha Kāṇḍa

 

Lańkeśa – “lord of Lańkā” name for

 

Laṇkinī – the demoness who protected Laṇka by Lord Brahmā’s orders; defeated by Hanumān

 

Lava – son of Lord Rāma, younger brother of Kuśa

 

Lava Kuśa Kāṇḍa – the canto describing the epilogue of the Rāmāyaṇa

 

Lavaṇa – the demon tyrannical king of Mathurā killed by Lord Satrughna

 

līlā – divine pastimes of the Lord

 

Mainaka – the mountain in the sea between India and Sri Krsna that offered to help Hanumān

 

Māndhātā – arrogant and powerful king of the solar dynasty who was defeated by Lavaṇa

 

Mārīca – the uncle of Rāvaṇa who took form of golden deer to divert the attention of Lord Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa

 

Mahābhārata – the epic written by Vyāsadeva describing the history of India and the lunar dynasty as it entered the Age of Kali.

 

Maṇḍavī – wife of Bharata

 

Mantharā – maid of Kaikeyī who instigated a plot to send Rāma to the forest

 

Mālyavān – the maternal grandfather of Rāvaṇa

 

Maya – father of Mandodarī who was well known for his role as a sculptor, he surrendered to Kṛṣṇa and offered the Pāṇḍavas the palace of illusion

 

Māya – “that was it not”; the Lord’s illusory energy

 

Māyavada – impersonal philosophy

 

Meghnāda – eldest of Rāvaṇa and Mandodarī; “thunder-voiced”

 

Mandodarī – the principal queen of Rāvaṇa; mother of Meghnāda

 

Nandigrāma – the outskirt forestland of Ayodhyā were Lord Bharata lived in exile for fourteen years

 

Nala – an ape who assisted Rāma in building the bridge across the sea; twin of Nīla

 

Nārada Muni – the son of Brahmā who travels the worlds singing Lord Nārāyaṇa’s name

 

Nikumbilā – the family deity of the royal family of Lańkā

 

Nīla – an ape who assisted Rāma in building the bridge across the sea; twin of Nala

 

Niśāda – 1) the seventh note in the Indian musical scale 2) the tribal class of people

 

Nṛsiḿha – Lord Kṛṣṇa’s fiercest incarnation as a man-lion to protect Prahlāda Mahārāja

 

Nṛsiḿha pañcaka – the five prayers read by Lord Rāma during His exile when He passed over Ahovala, the abode of Lord Nṛsiḿhadeva

 

Pañcavaṭī – the forest

 

Paraśurāma – Lord Kṛṣṇa’s form as a brāhmaṇa to destroy the demoniac administrative class of men twenty-one times before retiring

 

Pradyumna – 1) an expansion of the Lord who took form as Bharata during Lord Rāma’s pastimes 2) the son of Rukmiṇī and Kṛṣṇa (NOTE: Pradyumna of Krsna lila and the expansion Pradyumna are not the same)

 

Prahasta – one of Rāvaṇa’s sons

 

PuṣkalaBharata’s son

 

Puṣpaka – the great swan aerial car that carried Sītā, Rāma, Lakṣmaṇa, the ape generals, Vibhiṣaṇa, and other devotees to Ayodhyā, originally owned by Kubera but seized by Rāvaṇa

 

Raghu – the great-grandfather of Lord Rāma; one of the founders of the royal (solar) dynasty Lord Rāma appeared in

 

Rāma – 1) a name for Lord Kṛṣṇa meaning “reservoir of pleasure” 2) Lord Rāmacandra who took form to destroy Rāvaṇa and establish the role of the perfect man and perfect king 3) Lord Balarāma

 

RamāLakṣmī, Lord

 

Rāmāyaṇa – the epic written by Vālmīkī describing all of Lord Rāma’s pastimes

 

Rāma navami – the appearance day celebration of Lord Rāma; (ninth day of the month of Caitra (March-April))

 

Rāvaṇa – son of Kaikasī and Viśravā; demoniac king of Lankā, kidnapped Sītā and was slain by Lord Rāma

 

RumāSugrīva’s wife, held captive by Vālī until his death

 

Rṣyamukha – the mountain where Sugrīva and his minister stayed until Lord Rāma’s visit

 

Sagara – a king of solar dynasty whose sons were burnt by Kapila Muni’s wrath

 

Sabharī – the tribal woman who served Lord Rāma fruits

 

SampātiJaṭāyu’s older brother whose wings were burnt

 

sañjīvanī – the plant that could bring the dead to life

 

Satrughna – son of Sumitrā and twin of Lakṣmaṇa

 

Siḿhikā – the lion-faced demon who was killed by Hanumān

 

Sītā – 1) Lord Rāma’s eternal consort 2) Advaitācārya’s wife (Thakurani)

 

Siva – deity in charge of checking the mode of ignorance; destroyer

 

Srutakīrtī – 1) Arjuna’s son with Draupadi 2) Satrughna’s wife

 

SrutasenaSatrughna’s son

 

Subahu – 1) demon that Rāma slayed 2) Satrughna’s son

 

Sugrīva – the king of the apes after Vālī’s death, friend and devotee of Lord Rāma

 

Sumantra – the royal minister of Ayodhyā

 

Sumitrā – mother of and Satrughna and Lakṣmaṇa

 

SunayanāJanaka’s wife

 

Sundara Kāṇḍa – canto written to glorify Hanumān

 

Surasā – the she-demon that tested Hanumān’s intelligence

 

SūrpanakhāRāvaṇa’s sister whose nose was disfigured by Lakṣmaṇa’s sword

 

Surya – the deity of the sun; royal deity of the Raghus

 

Sueṇa – the royal physician of Lankā who helped cure Lakṣmaṇa when He was injured during the war

 

ḍakāMārica’s mother, slayed by Rāma

 

TakṣaBharata’s son

 

TārāVālī’s wife

 

Urmilā – Lord Lakṣmaṇa’s wife

 

Uttara Kāṇḍa – the coronation of Lord Rāma

 

VaidehīSītā

 

Vālī – the elder brother of Sugrīva, killed by Lord Rāma

 

Vālmīkī – author of the Rāmāyaṇa; sheltered Sītā during Her banishment and became the spiritual master of Lava and Kuśa

 

Varuṇa – demigod of the sea

 

Vaśiṣṭha – the spiritual preceptor and royal priest of the solar dynasty

 

Vāsudeva – 1) name of Lord Kṛṣṇa, son of Vasudeva 2) expansion of Lord Kṛṣṇa that took form as Lord Rāma

 

Vedavatī – the devotee of Viṇu who was harassed by Rāvaṇa; took form as the shadow image of Sītā

 

Vibhiṣaṇa – youngest brother of Rāvaṇa, after being thrown out of his nation for his devotion, he sought Lord Rāma’s shelter and aided Him through the war, became future king of Lankā

 

Virāgha – a demon during the forest exile, killed by Lord Rāma

 

Viṇu – the expansion of Kṛṣṇa as maintainer of the mode of goodness

 

Viśvāmitra – a well known seer who had Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa accompany him to the forest to protect the seers from demoniac attacks

 

Vyāsa – (also known as Vedavyāsa or Kṛṣṇa Dvaipayana Vyāsa) compiler of the Vedic literatures and author of the Mahābhārata

 

Videha – The nation Janaka ruled

 

Yuddha Kāṇḍa – the war canto and Lord Rāma’s stay in Lankā