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Words Starting with S

 

śabda-brahma (शब्द ब्रह्म) – the Vedas, which are considered purely spiritual sound vibration

 

Sabhā Parvana (सभ पर्वन) – the second book of the Mahābhārata discussing the gambling tournament between the Pāṇḍavas and Duryodhana’s camp

 

Śabharī (शभर) – the tribal woman who served Lord Rāma fruits

 

sac-cid-ānanda (सच्चिदानन्द) – (sat-cit-ānanda) eternal, blissful, and full of knowledge

 

Śacī (शच) – mother of Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu

 

Sadāśīva (सदाशीव) – form of Lord Mahā-Viṣṇu

 

ṣaḍava (षडव) – a scale containing only six notes

 

sādhu (साध) – a saint or Kṛṣṇa conscious person

 

ṣadja (षड्ज) – (lit. “origin of six”) the tonic and fundamental note of the musical scale

 

sāgara (सागर) – ocean

 

Sagara (सगर) – a king of solar dynasty whose sons were burnt by Kapila Muni’s wrath

 

Sahadeva (सहदेव) – 1) son of Mādrī and the youngest son of Pāṇḍu 2) the son of Jarāsandha

 

śahnāī (शहनाई) – (shehnai, shenai) a quadruple-reeded oboe, known for its auspicious tidings

 

saguṇa (सगुण) – “possessing attributes or qualities”; in reference to the Supreme Lord with transcendental qualities

 

Śakuni (शकुनि) – the king of Gandhāra, maternal uncle of Duryodhana who instigated the Kaurava brothers to kill the Pāṇḍavas

 

Śālva (शाल्व) – the king of a warring nation bordering the Kuru nation, defeated by Bhīma on numerous occasions

 

Śalya (शल्य) – the king of Madra, uncle of Nakula and Sahadeva who fought against the Pāṇḍavas in the Mahābhārata war

 

Śalya Parvana (शल्य पर्वन) – the ninth book of the Mahābhārata encompassing Śalya’s role as commander-in-chief of the Kaurava army

 

sam (सम) – the first beat of a rhythmic cycle

 

samādhi (समाधि) – 1) trance, complete absorption in God consciousness 2) a tomb of a great devotee

 

samāveta bhakta vnda (समावेत भक्त वृन्द) – assembled devotees

 

Samba (सम्ब) – one of the sons of Lord Kṛṣṇa; cursed by Durvāsā Muni

 

Sampāti (सम्पाति) – Jaṭāyu’s older brother whose wings were burnt

 

sampūrṇa (सम्पूर्ण) – (lit. “complete, full”) a scale bearing seven notes

 

Sanata Kumāra (सनत कुमार) – the four brothers, the sons of Brahmā, who founded the Kumāra sampradāya

 

Sanātana (सनातन) – a pen-name Rūpa Gosvāmī used in the Stavamālā

 

Sanātana Dharma (सनातन धर्म) – “eternal duties, religion, and its principles”

 

Sanātana Gosvāmī (सनातन गोस्वाम) – one of the six Gosvāmīs, author of the Kṛṣṇa Līlā Stava, direct follower of Lord Caitanya

 

Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य) – a great seer who a contemporary of Garga Muni

 

Sāndīpani Muni (सान्दीपनि मुनि) – the teacher of Lord Kṛṣṇa and Lord Balarāma

 

saρjīvanī (सञ्जीवन) – the plant that could bring the dead to life

 

Śańkara (शङ्कर) – 1) name of Lord Śiva 2) see Ādi Śańkarācārya

 

Sańkarṣaṇa (सङ्कर्षण) – expansion of Lord Kṛṣṇa, who is in the Balarāma tattva

 

śańkha (शङ्ख) – conchshell

 

Śańkhacūḍa (शङ्खचूड) – servant of Kuvera who tried to kidnap the gopīs

 

ńkhya (साङ्ख्य) – 1) analytical discrimination between spirit and matter 2) the path of devotional service as described by Lord Kapila, the son of Devahūti

 

sańkīrṇa (सङ्कीर्ण) – the scheme classifying rhythmic cycles with nine-beat characteristics

 

sańkīrtana (सङ्कीर्तन) – congregational chanting of the Lord’s names

 

sannyāsa (सन्न्यास) – the final order of life for renunciation

 

sannyāsī (सन्न्यास) – one who practices the sannyasa order of life

 

Śāntī Parvana (शान्त पर्वन) – the twelfth book of the Mahābhārata with the final instructions given to Yudhiṣṭhira by Bhīma

 

santūr (सन्तूर) – (santoor) a hammered-dulcimer instrument with thirty strings

 

saptaka (सप्तक) – “heptave”; analog of the octave; collection of the seven notes

 

śaraṇa (शरण) – surrender to the Lord

 

Śaraṇāgati (शरणागति) – a book by Bhaktivinoda Ṭhākura on the six processes of surrender

 

sārań (सारङ्ग) – (“sau + rań = “one hundred colors”) a bowed instrument with main gun strings and thirty-five sympathetic strings

 

Sarasvatī (सरस्वत) – demigoddess of the arts, learning, culture, and music; wife of Brahmā

 

Sarasvatī-vīṇā (सरस्वत वीण) – the most common type of vīṇā in South India; the vīṇā Sarasvatī plays

 

Śārīraka-bhāṣya (शारीरक भाष्य) – the famous commentary on Vedānta-sūtra by Ādi Śańkarācārya, in which he presents his philosophy of monism

 

sarod (सरोद) – an Indian version of a rabāb

 

Sārvabhauma Bhaṭṭācārya (सार्वभौम भट्टाचार्य) – a great scholar who was philosophically defeated by Lord Caitanya; he surrendered to Him and became His disciple

 

Sarvagata (सर्वगत) – son of Bhīma and Kālī

 

śastra (शस्त्र) – weapons

 

śāstra (शास्त्र) – Vedic literature or scripture

 

Śatadhanvā (शतधन्व) – the king who requested the Yadu clan to help steal the Syamantaka jewel; murderer of Satrājit

 

Śatānīka (शतानीक) – son of Nakula and Draupadī

 

śatatantrī vīṇā (शततन्त्र वीण) – an ancient one-hundred stringed dulcimer

 

Satrājit (सत्राजीत) – the king who owned the Syamantaka

 

Śatrughna (शत्रुघ्न) – son of Sumitrā and twin of Lakṣmaṇa

 

sattva guṇa (सत्त्व गुण) – the mode of goodness

 

Satya Yuga (सत्य युग) – the golden age where goodness prevailed; human civilization was at its greatest peak

 

Satyabhāmā (सत्यभाम) – one of the main wives of Lord Kṛṣṇa; daughter of Satrājit

 

Satyavatī (सत्यवत) – the second wife of Śāntanu; mother of Citrāńgada and Vicitravīrya; mother of Vyāsadeva

 

Sauptika Parvana (सौप्तिक पर्वन) – the tenth book discussing the death of the five sons of the Pāṇḍava brothers in their sleep

 

savārī (सवार) – (lit. “ride”) the class of rhythmic cycles known for their characteristic uneven ends

 

Śeṣa (शेष) – Lord Viṇu’s great-cobra bed

 

sevā (सेव) – service

 

Śikhaṇḍī (शिखण्ड) – 1) lit. birds akin to peacocks 2) son of Drupada; formerly Ambā (Kāśī princess) who was reborn in order to slay Bhīma in the war

 

śikā (शिक्ष) – instruction

 

Śikāṣṭaka (शिक्षाष्टक) – eight verses uttered by Lord Caitanya giving instructions on how to approach Kṛṣṇa Consciousness

 

Siḿhikā (सिंहिक) – the lion-faced demon who was killed by Hanumān

 

Sindhu (सिन्ध) – 1) a nation by the present-day Indus River 2) a river forming the western boundary of India

 

Sītā (सीत) – 1) Lord Rāma’s eternal consort 2) Advaitācārya’s wife (Ṭhakurā)

 

sitār (सितार) – a lute with a long neck, a gourd resonator with nearly nineteen strings

 

Śiva (शिव) – deity in charge of checking the mode of ignorance; destroyer; the greatest Vaiṇava

 

Skandha (स्कन्ध) – (Kārtikeya) the commander-in-chief of the demigods

 

śloka (श्लोक) – 1) a verse in Vedic literature 2) a common meter used in verses with each line containing eight syallbles

 

smaraṇam (स्मरणम) – devotional remembrance of the Lord

 

smti (स्मृति) – revealed scriptures supplementary to the Vedas

 

śraddhā (श्रद्ध) – faith in one’s heart needed to love

 

śravaṇa (श्रवण) – hearing about the Lord

 

Śravaṇa (श्रवण) – the brāhmaṇa who was accidentally killed by Daśaratha

 

Śrāvaṇa (श्रावण) – August-September month

 

Śrī (श्र) – 1) Lakṣmī 2) title of great honor (female = Śrīmatī) (included: Śrīpāda, Śrīla, Śrīmad) 3) one of the six seasonal rāgas 4) one of the four authorized sampradāyas

 

Śrī-ketra (श्री-क्षेत्र) – see Jagannātha Purī

 

Śrīdhara (श्रीधर) – name of Kṛṣṇa

 

Śrīmad Bhāgavatam (श्रीमद्भागवतम) – see Bhāgavata Purāṇa

 

Śrīnivāsa Ācārya (श्रीनिवासाचार्य) – a great Vaiṇava spiritual master and follower of Rūpa, Sanātana, and Jīva Gosvāmī

 

Śrīvāsa Ṭhākura (श्रिवास ठाकुर) – one of the five Paρca-Tattva deities

 

Śṛńgāra Āratī (शृङ्गार आरत) – the deity worshipping ceremony where the Lord’s appearance and decoration is glorified via a rotating mirror, devotees chant (or listen) to the Brahmā Saḿhita verses

 

Śrutakarmā (श्रुतकर्म) – son of Sahadeva and Draupadī

 

Śrutakīrtī (श्रुतकीर्त) – Arjuna’s son with Draupadī

 

Śrutasena (श्रुतसेन) – 1) Śatrughna’s son 2) son of Bhīma and Draupadī 3) son of Parikit

 

śruti (श्रुति) – 1) commentaries of Vedic literature 2) microtone

 

Śrutikīrtī (श्रुतिकीर्त) – Śatrughna’s wife

 

stava (स्तव) – hymns

 

Stavamālā (स्तवमाल) – book of hymns by Rūpa Gosvāmī

 

Stavāmta Lahari (स्तवामृत लहरि) – book of prayers by Viśvanātha Cakravartī Ṭhākura

 

Stavāvali (स्तवावलि) – book of hymns by Raghunātha Dāsa Gosvāmī

 

stotra (स्तोत्र) – (stotram) hymns

 

Strī Parvana (स्त्र पर्वन) – the eleventh book of the Mahābhārata on how the mothers and the widows of the warriors lamented for the dead

 

Subāhu (सुबाह) – 1) demon that Rāma slayed 2) Śatrughna’s son

 

Sudarśana (सुदर्शन) – (lit. “the pretty sight”) the disc weapon of Lord Kṛṣṇa possessed by most of His expansions

 

Subhadrā (सुभद्र) – 1) sister of Balarāma and Kṛṣṇa, wife of Arjuna 2) deity form sister of Baladeva and Jagannātha

 

śudra (शुद्र) – the laborer class

 

Sudeṇā (सुदेष्ण) – wife of Virāa

 

Sugrīva (सुग्रीव) – the king of the apes after Vālī’s death, friend and devotee of Lord Rāma

 

Suhotra (सुहोत्र) – wife of Sahadeva

 

Śuka (शुक/शुकदेव गोस्वाम) – (Śukadeva Gosvāmī) the son of Vyāsadeva who read the Bhāgavatam to King Parīkit before his death

 

śūla tāla (शूल ताल) – (surfaqtā) an ancient pakhawaj cycle of ten beats

 

Sumantra (सुमन्त्र) – the royal minister of Ayodhyā

 

Sumitrā (सुमित्र) – mother of and Śatrughna and Lakṣmaṇa

 

Sunanda (सुनन्द) – one of the cowherd chiefs, associate of Nanda Mahārāja

 

Sunayanā (सुनयन) – Janaka’s wife

 

Sundara Kāṇḍa (सुन्दर काण्ड) – canto written to glorify Hanumān

 

Sunītī (सुनीत) – mother of Dhruva Mahārāja

 

sura (सुर) – 1) one with demigod-like qualities

 

sūra (सूर) – 1) another name for the maidan 2) the key of the song 3) drone

 

Sūra Dāsa (सूर दास) – blind devotee of Lord Kṛṣṇa who wrote bhajans in Braja Bhāṣa; it is said that Lord Kṛṣṇa descends to play the flute accompanying his bhajans

 

Śūrasena (शूरसेन) – father of Vasudeva

 

Surasā (सुरस) – the she-demon that tested Hanumān’s intelligence

 

sūraśṛńgāra (सूरशृङ्गार) – an endangered sarod-like instrument used in drupada music

 

Śūrpanakhā (शूरपनख) – (lit. “long sharp nailed one) Rāvaṇa’s sister whose nose was disfigured by Lakṣmaṇa’s sword

 

Suruci (सुरुचि) – mother of Uttama and stepmother of Dhruva Mahārāja

 

Surya (सुर्य) – the deity of the sun; royal deity of the Raghus

 

Sueṇa (सुषेण) – the royal physician of Lankā who helped cure Lakṣmaṇa when He was injured during the war

 

suṣīra vādya (सुषीर वाद्य) – instruments which produce sounds through air such as harmonium, flute, etc.

 

Suta Gosvāmī (सुत गोस्वाम) – the great devotee seer who is the primary narrator of the Śrīmad Bhāgavatam

 

Sutala (सुतल) – a hellish planet

 

Suyodhana (सुयोधन) – another name of Duryodhana

 

svādhyāya (स्वाध्यय) – the authorized and disciplined way of studying the Vedic scriptures

 

svāmī (स्वाम) – 1) master 2) husband 3) title received when one in the renounced order of life

 

svara (स्वर) – notes

 

svaramaṇḍala (स्वरमण्डल) – (lit. “globe of notes”) an autoharp with its strings tuned to the notes of the rāga performed

 

svara-sthāna (स्वरस्थान) – positioning of the notes

 

svarga-loka (स्वर्गलोक) – the heavenly material planets, the abodes of the demigods

 

Svargarohaṇa Parvana (स्वर्गरोहण पर्वन) – the final (eighteenth) book of the Mahābhārata discussing the happenings of how the Pāṇḍavas entered the spiritual planets

 

svarūpa (स्वरूप) – 1) the original spiritual form or constitutional position of the soul 2) the characteristic movement of a rāga

 

Śyāma (श्याम) – Lord Kṛṣṇa; the dark-one

 

Śyāmā (श्याम) – one of the gopīs of Vndāvana

 

Śyāmasundara (श्यामसुन्दर) – blackish beauty; name for Kṛṣṇa

 

UPDATED: July 6, 2009