Krsna Kirtana Songs est. 2001 www.kksongs.org
Lesson 9: Letters not from Sanskrit
After completing Lesson 8, whatever knowledge was
needed to read Sanskrit was taught. Just by Lessons 1 to 8, one is able to read
Sanskrit. However, Sanskrit is not the only script that uses Devanagari. Hindi, Marathi, Braja
Bhasa, and other languages in
GALLERY OF LETTERS AND SOUNDS
Please keep in mind, as these are not Sanskrit letters, there is no real system of transliterating them.
The letter q is a ka sound pronounced using the Adams apple.
The letter .kh that sounds like a Yiddish h or the ch in Loch Ness monster.
The letter .g is a sounds like a weak g and gh. Some people transliterate this as gha.
The letter z is pronounced the same way as it is said in English.
The letters .ra and .rha are like an attempt to say ra but sounds like ḍa. This letter is used frequently in Bengali and Hindi.
The letter f is pronounced the way as it is said in English.
The letter .l is a letter that was once used in ancient Vedic Sanskrit. It is not used in classical and contemporary Sanskrit. Currently, it is found in Gujarati and Marathi which almost sounding like a poorly articulated ra. It actually ends up sounding like a very weak la.
The letter υ is an English short o sound like the first o in doctor.
The letter ē is a long Sanskrit e sound found in Dravidian languages.
The letter ζ is a letter sounding like the English a used in the word apple.
The letter ō is a long Sanskrit o sound found in Dravidian languages.
As this is quite straightforward, making words will apply the same rules as previously mentioned. Since this chapter is mostly a supplemental one, no practice exercises will be given to this page.
UPDATED: June 16, 2009