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Song Name: Sastra Vidhi Nahi Jane Kintu

Official Name: Chapter 17

Author: A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

Book Name: Gitar Gan

Language: Bengali

 

LYRICS:

(1)

arjun kahilen:

sastra-vidhi nahi jane kintu sraddhanvita

yajana karaye yara kiva tar hita

kiva nistha tar krsna sattva, rajotam

vistara kaha'ta sei suni iccha mama

 

(2)

sri-bhagavan kahilen:

svabhavaja tin nistha sraddha se dehira

sattviki, rajasi ar tamasi gabhira

vivaran kahi tar suna diya man

yar yeba sraddha hay gunera karan

 

(3)

nija sattva anurupa sraddha se bharata

sraddhamay purusa ye sraddha ye temata

 

(4)

sattviki ye sraddha sei puje devatare

rajasi ye sraddha puje yaksa raksasere

tamasi ye sraddha tahe bhut pret puje

yar sei sraddha hay sei tatha bhaje

 

(5-6)

sastra-bidhi tyag kari ye tapasya kare

dambha darpa kam rag yukta ahankare

vrtha upavasa kare kles sahivare

sarirete bhutgane murkha karsivare

amakeo antaryami sarira bhitare

asurik jana sei tar vyavahare

 

(7)

ahara-o trividha se yathayatha priya

sattviki, rajasi ar tamasi ye heya

yajna, jap, tap, dan se-o se trividha

yar yeva bhed gun bhinna vahuvidha

 

(8-13)

ayu sattva valarogya sukha priti bade

rasya snigdha sthir hrdya sattvika ahare

katu amla lavanakta ati usna yei

jvala poda amayi rajasika sei

vasi saitya gataras paca va durgandha

ucchista amedhya yei khadya tamasandha

 

(14)

aphalakanksi ye yajna vidhi-mata hay

kartavya ye mane kare sattviki se kay

 

(15)

svadhyaya abhyas yata ved uccaran

vanmaya tapasya se sastrera vacan

 

(16)

cittera prasannata ye ar saralata

atma-nigrahadi mouna bhava pravanata

sei saba manasika tapa name khyata

uparokta saba tapa triguna prakhyata

 

(17)

trividha tapasya yadi para-sraddha-yukta

phalakanksa yadi nahe sattviki se ukta

 

(18)

labh puja sammanera janya dambhera sahit

ye tapasya sadhe loka taha rajasik

se tapasyara ye phal taha aniscit

antavat tara phal haya sastrete vidita

 

(19)

mudha-buddhi yara tape atma-pida dey

aparera vinasartha ye tapasya karay

tamasi se saba yata tapasya vahula

alika tahara nam nahe sastra anukul

 

(20)

kartavya janiya yei danakriy hay

desakal patra bujhi datavya karay

anupakarike dan se sattvika hay

 

(21-22)

pratyupakarera janya phalanusandhan

kimba dan kari hay anutapavan

rajasik dan sei sastrera vicar

tamasika dan yaha suna ei var

adesakale ye dan apatrete hay

asatkar avakta yei tamasika kay

 

(23)

yajna dan tapasyadi yaha sastrera nirnay

om tat sat se uddesye anya kichu naya

se uddesye purva-kale brahmanadigan

yajna dan tapa adi karila palan

 

(24)

sejanya brahmanagan 'om' uccarane

yajnadi vidhan kare brahma acarane

 

(25)

ataeva yajna dan tapasyara phal

anyabhilas nahe bhaktira karan

moksa-kanksi sejanya yajna dana kare

sei se yajnadi phal vidita samsare

 

(26-27)

sat se savdera artha brahma brahma-par

se uddesye yata karma saba brahma-par

yajna dan tap karya se uddesye kare

loukika vaidika karma brahma nam dhare

 

(28)

se sraddha vina yaha karmakrta hay

asat karma tar nam sastrete nirnay

asat karma suddha nahe iha parakale

sastra-vidhi parityage sei phal phale

 

(29)

bhaktivedanta kahe sri-gitara gan

sune yadi suddha bhakta krsnagata-pran

 

TRANSLATION

1) Arjuna said, O Krsna, what is the situation of one who does not follow the principles of scripture but who worships according to his own imagination? Is he in goodness, in passion or in ignorance?

 

2) The Supreme Lord said, according to the modes of nature acquired by the embodied soul, one's faith can be of three kinds--goodness, passion or ignorance. Now hear about these.

 

3) According to one's existence under the various modes of nature, one evolves a particular kind of faith. The living being is said to be of a particular faith according to the modes he has acquired.

 

4) Men in the mode of goodness worship the demigods; those in the mode of passion worship the demons; and those in the mode of ignorance worship ghosts and spirits.

 

5-6) Those who undergo severe austerities and penances not recommended in the scriptures, performing them out of pride, egoism, lust and attachment, who are impelled by passion and who torture their bodily organs as well as the Supersoul dwelling within are to be known as demons.

 

7) Even food of which all partake is of three kinds, according to the three modes of material nature. The same is true of sacrifices, austerities and charity. Listen, and I shall tell you of the distinctions of these.

 

8-10) Foods in the mode of goodness increase the duration of life, purify one's existence and give strength, health, happiness and satisfaction. Such nourishing foods are sweet, juicy, fattening and palatable. Foods that are too bitter, too sour, salty, pungent, dry and hot, are liked by people in the modes of passion. Such foods cause pain, distress, and disease. Food cooked more than three hours before being eaten, which is tasteless, stale, putrid, decomposed and unclean, is food liked by people in the mode of ignorance.

 

11) Of sacrifices, that sacrifice performed according to duty and to scriptural rules, and with no expectation of reward, is of the nature of goodness.

 

12) But that sacrifice performed for some material end or benefit or preformed ostentatiously, out of pride, is of the nature of passion, O chief of the Bharatas.

 

13) And that sacrifice performed in defiance of scriptural injunctions, in which no spiritual food is distributed, no hymns are chanted and no remunerations are made to the priests, and which is faithless--that sacrifice is of the nature of ignorance.

 

14) The austerity of the body consists in this: worship of the Supreme Lord, the brahmanas, the spiritual master, and superiors like the father and mother. Cleanliness, simplicity, celibacy and nonviolence are also austerities of the body.

 

15) Austerity of speech consists in speaking truthfully and beneficially and in avoiding speech that offends. One should also recite the Vedas regularly.

 

16) And serenity, simplicity, gravity, self-control and purity of thought are the austerities of the mind.

 

17) This threefold austerity, practiced by men whose aim is not to benefit themselves materially but to please the Supreme, is of the nature of goodness.

 

18) Those ostentatious penances and austerities which are performed in order to gain respect, honor and reverence are said to be in the mode of passion. They are neither stable nor permanent.

 

19) And those penances and austerities which are performed foolishly by means of obstinate self-torture, or to destroy or injure others, are said to be in the mode of ignorance.

 

20) That gift which is given out of duty, at the proper time and place, to a worthy person, and without expectation of return, is considered to be charity in the mode of goodness.

 

21) But charity performed with the expectation of some return, or with a desire for fruitive results, or in a grudging mood, is said to be charity in the mode of passion.

 

22) And charity performed at an improper place and time and given to unworthy persons without respect and with contempt is charity in the mode of ignorance.

 

23) From the beginning of creation, the three syllables--om tat sat--have been used to indicate the Supreme Absolute Truth [Brahman]. They were uttered by brahmanas while chanting Vedic hymns and during sacrifices, for the satisfaction of the Supreme.

 

24) Thus the transcendentalists undertake sacrifices, charities, and penances, beginning always with om, to attain the Supreme.

 

25) One should perform sacrifice, penance and charity with the word tat. The purpose of such transcendental activities is to get free from the material entanglement.

 

26-27) The Absolute Truth is the objective of devotional sacrifice, and it is indicated by the word sat. These works of sacrifice, of penance and of charity, true to the absolute nature, are performed to please the Supreme Person, O son of Prtha.

 

28) But sacrifices, austerities and charities performed without faith in the Supreme are nonpermanent, O son of Prtha, regardless of whatever rites are performed. They are called asat and are useless both in this life and the next.

 

29) Thus Bhaktivedanta sings the song of Sri Gita, with the hope that hearing this, Krsna conscious pure devotees will be pleased.

 

REMARKS/EXTRA INFORMATION:

This is the Bengali translation of Bhagavad-Gita Chapter 17 Ye Sastra Vidhim Utsrjya.

 

UPDATED: February 12, 2011