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Chapter 27: Five, Ten, and Fifteen Matra Cycles

 

This chapter, as the title suggests, are dealing with talas that are multiples of fives. The reason why multiples of five is given is because it is helpful to study these talas as multiples of fives. Recall from Chapter 6 that talas that are multiples of five are known as khanda jati.

 

ADHA JHAPTAL

X(0)

 

2

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

tin

dhin

dhin

 

Figure 27.1

AUDIO CLIP: Figure 27.1

The name alone says that it is from the ten matra jhaptal from Chapter 13. The word “adha” means “half.” Recall from Chapter 8, when we dealt with “adha tintal” bearing eight matras. Therefore, adha jhaptal will have five beats. The structure is pretty straight-forward.

 

SULA TALA

X

 

0

 

2

 

3

 

0

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

dhā

dhā

dhin

dhin

ti

ra

ki

ṭa

ga

di

ga

na

 

Figure 27.2

AUDIO CLIP: Figure 27.2

Sula tala is a pakhawaj tala that consists of ten beats. Unlike adha jhaptal which makes cameos here and there in bhajans and folk music, sula tala is rarely ever heard.

 

GAJ JHAMPA TALA

X

 

 

 

2

1

2

3

4

5

dhā

dhi

ga

dhet

dhet

 

 

 

0

 

6

7

8

9

10

dhi

ga

dhet

dhet

dhi

 

3

 

 

 

11

12

13

14

15

ga

ti

ra

ki

ṭa

ga

di

ga

na

 

Figure 27.3

AUDIO CLIP: Figure 27.3

This is a fifteen matra tala which is pretty much divided up into three sets of fives. It is very difficult to play the tala, let alone attempting to sing a song with it.

 

PANCHAM SAVARI

X

2

 

 

0

1

2

3

4

5

dhin

dhā

tiṭa

dhā

dhā

tin

ta

trkṭ

 

 

0

 

3

 

6

7

8

9

10

tin

trkṭ

tu

tin

ke

dhā

tiṭa

dhin

 

4

5

 

6

 

11

12

13

14

15

dhin

dhin

dhin

dhā

ge

dhin

dhā

ge

 

Figure 27.4

AUDIO CLIP: Figure 27.4

Pancam Savari tala is another fifteen matra tala. There is a whole category of talas known as “savari.” Notice the interesting “tod-like” ending to the tala.

UPDATED: June 20, 2009