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Song Name: Param Bhuyah Pravaksyami

Official Name: Book 6 Bhagavad Gita Parva Section 38 (Chapter 14)

Author: Vyasadeva

Book Name: Mahabharata Bhagavad Gita

Language: Sanskrit

 

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LYRICS:

(1)

śrī-bhagavān uvāca

paraḿ bhūyaḥ pravakṣyāmi jñānānāḿ jñānam uttamam

yaj jñātvā munayaḥ sarve parāḿ siddhim ito gatāḥ

 

(2)

idaḿ jñānam upāśritya mama sādharmyam āgatāḥ

sarge’pi nopajāyante pralaye na vyathanti ca

 

(3)

mama yonir mahad brahma tasmin garbhaḿ dadhāmy aham

saḿbhavaḥ sarva-bhūtānāḿ tato bhavati bhārata

 

(4)

sarva-yoniṣu kaunteya mūrtayaḥ saḿbhavanti yāḥ

tāsāḿ brahma mahad yonir ahaḿ bīja-pradaḥ pitā

 

(5)

sattvaḿ rajas tama iti guṇāḥ prakṛti-saḿbhavāḥ

nibadhnanti mahā-bāho dehe dehinam avyayam

 

(6)

tatra sattvaḿ nirmalatvāt prakāśakam anāmayam

sukha-sańgena badhnāti jñāna-sańgena cānagha

 

(7)

rajo rāgātmakaḿ viddhi tṛṣṇāsańga-samudbhavam

tan nibadhnāti kaunteya karma-sańgena dehinam

 

(8)

tamas tv ajñāna-jaḿ viddhi mohanaḿ sarva-dehinām

pramādālasya-nidrābhis tan nibadhnāti bhārata

 

(9)

sattvaḿ sukhe saṣjayati rajaḥ karmaṇi bhārata

jñānam āvṛtya tu tamaḥ pramāde saṣjayaty uta

 

(10)

rajas tamaś cābhibhūya sattvaḿ bhavati bhārata

rajaḥ sattvaḿ tamaś caiva tamaḥ sattvaḿ rajas tathā

 

(11)

sarva-dvāreṣu dehe’smin prakāśa upajāyate

jñānaḿ yadā tadā vidyād vivṛddhaḿ sattvam ity uta

 

(12)

lobhaḥ pravṛttir ārambhaḥ karmaṇām aśamaḥ spṛhā

rajasy etāni jāyante vivṛddhe bharatarṣabha

 

(13)

aprakāśo’pravṛttiś ca pramādo moha eva ca

tamasy etāni jāyante vivṛddhe kuru-nandana

 

(14)

yadā sattve pravṛddhe tu pralayaḿ yāti deha-bhṛt

tadottama-vidāḿ lokān amalān pratipadyate

 

(15)

rajasi pralayaḿ gatvā karma-sańgiṣu jāyate

tathā pralīnas tamasi mūḍha-yoniṣu jāyate

 

(16)

karmaṇaḥ sukṛtasyāhuḥ sāttvikaḿ nirmalaḿ phalam

rajasas tu phalaḿ duḥkham ajñānaḿ tamasaḥ phalam

 

(17)

sattvāt saḿjāyate jñānaḿ rajaso lobha eva ca

pramāda-mohau tamaso bhavato’jñānam eva ca

 

(18)

ūrdhvaḿ gacchanti sattva-sthā madhye tiṣṭhanti rājasāḥ

jaghanya-guṇa-vṛtta-sthā adho gacchanti tāmasāḥ

 

(19)

nānyaḿ guṇebhyaḥ kartāraḿ yadā draṣṭānupaśyati

guṇebhyaś ca paraḿ vetti mad-bhāvaḿ so’dhigacchati

 

(20)

guṇān etān atītya trīn dehī deha-samudbhavān

janma-mṛtyu-jarā-duḥkhair vimukto’mṛtam aśnute

 

(21)

arjuna uvāca

kair lińgais trīn guṇān etān atīto bhavati prabho

kim-ācāraḥ kathaḿ caitāḿs trīn guṇān ativartate

 

(22)

śrī-bhagavān uvāca

prakāśaḿ ca pravṛttiḿ ca moham eva ca pāṇḍava

na dveṣṭi saḿpravṛttāni na nivṛttāni kāńkṣati

 

(23)

udāsīnavad āsīno guṇair yo na vicālyate

guṇā vartanta ity eva yo’vatiṣṭhati neńgate

 

(24)

sama-duḥkha-sukhaḥ svasthaḥ sama-loṣṭāśma-kāñcanaḥ

tulya-priyāpriyo dhīras tulya-nindātma-saḿstutiḥ

 

(25)

mānāpamānayos tulyas tulyo mitrāri-pakṣayoḥ

sarvārambha-parityāgī guṇātītaḥ sa ucyate

 

(26)

māḿ ca yo’vyabhicāreṇa bhakti-yogena sevate

sa guṇān samatītyaitān brahma-bhūyāya kalpate

 

(27)

brahmaṇo hi pratiṣṭhāham amṛtasyāvyayasya ca

śāśvatasya ca dharmasya sukhasyaikāntikasya ca

 

TRANSLATION

1) The Blessed Lord said: Again I shall declare to you this supreme wisdom, the best of all knowledge, knowing which all the sages have attained the supreme perfection.

 

2) By becoming fixed in this knowledge, one can attain to the transcendental nature, which is like My own nature. Thus established, one is not born at the time of creation nor disturbed at the time of dissolution.

 

3) The total material substance, called Brahman, is the source of birth, and it is that Brahman that I impregnate, making possible the births of all living beings, O son of Bharata.

 

4) It should be understood that all species of life, O son of Kunti, are made possible by birth in this material nature, and that I am the seed-giving father.

 

5) Material nature consists of the three modes--goodness, passion and ignorance. When the living entity comes in contact with nature, he becomes conditioned by these modes.

 

6) O sinless one, the mode of goodness being purer than the others, is illuminating, and it frees one from all sinful reactions. Those situated in that mode develop knowledge, but they become conditioned by the concept of happiness.

 

7) The mode of passion is born of unlimited desires and longings, O son of Kunti, and because of this one is bound to material fruitive activities.

 

8) O son of Bharata, the mode of ignorance causes the delusion of all living entities. The result of this mode is madness, indolence and sleep, which bind the conditioned soul.

 

9) The mode of goodness conditions one to happiness, passion conditions him to the fruits of action, and ignorance to madness.

 

10) Sometimes the mode of passion becomes prominent, defeating the mode of goodness, O son of Bharata. And sometimes the mode of goodness defeats passion, and at other times the mode of ignorance defeats goodness and passion. In this way there is always competition for supremacy.

 

11) The manifestations of the mode of goodness can be experienced when all the gates of the body are illuminated by knowledge.

 

12) O chief of the Bharatas, when there is an increase in the mode of passion, the symptoms of great attachment, uncontrollable desire, hankering, and intense endeavor develop.

 

13) O son of Kuru, when there is an increase in the mode of ignorance, madness, illusion, inertia and darkness are manifested.

 

14) When one dies in the mode of goodness, he attains to the pure higher planets.

 

15) When one dies in the mode of passion, he takes birth among those engaged in fruitive activities; and when he dies in the mode of ignorance, he takes birth in the animal kingdom.

 

16) By acting in the mode of goodness, one becomes purified. Works done in the mode of passion result in distress, and actions performed in the mode of ignorance result in foolishness.

 

17) From the mode of goodness, real knowledge develops; from the mode of passion, greed develops; and from the mode of ignorance, foolishness, madness and illusion develop.

 

18) Those situated in the mode of goodness gradually go upward to the higher planets; those in the mode of passion live on the earthly planets; and those in the mode of ignorance go down to the hellish worlds.

 

19) When you see that there is nothing beyond these modes of nature in all activities and that the Supreme Lord is transcendental to all these modes, then you can know My spiritual nature.

 

20) When the embodied being is able to transcend these three modes, he can become free from birth, death, old age and their distresses and can enjoy nectar even in this life.

 

21) Arjuna inquired: O my Lord, by what symptoms is one known who is transcendental to those modes? What is his behavior? And how does he transcend the modes of nature?

 

22-25) The Blessed Lord said: He who does not hate illumination, attachment and delusion when they are present, nor longs for them when they disappear; who is seated like one unconcerned, being situated beyond these material reactions of the modes of nature, who remains firm, knowing that the modes alone are active; who regards alike pleasure and pain, and looks on a clod, a stone and a piece of gold with an equal eye; who is wise and holds praise and blame to be the same; who is unchanged in honor and dishonor, who treats friend and foe alike, who has abandoned all fruitive undertakings--such a man is said to have transcended the modes of nature.

 

26) One who engages in full devotional service, who does not fall down in any circumstance, at once transcends the modes of material nature and thus comes to the level of Brahman.

 

27) And I am the basis of the impersonal Brahman, which is the constitutional position of ultimate happiness, and which is immortal, imperishable and eternal.

 

REMARKS/EXTRA INFORMATION:

No Extra Information available for this song!

 

PURPORTS:

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UPDATED: December 22, 2015