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Song Name: Urdhva Mulam Adhah Sakham

Official Name: Book 6 Bhagavad Gita Parva Section 39 (Chapter 15)

Author: Vyasadeva

Book Name: Mahabharata Bhagavad Gita

Language: Sanskrit

 

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LYRICS:

(1)

śrī-bhagavān uvāca

ūrdhva-mūlam adhaḥ-śākham aśvatthaḿ prāhur avyayam

chandāḿsi yasya parṇāni yas taḿ veda sa vedavit

 

(2)

adhaś cordhvaḿ prasṛtās tasya śākhā guṇa-pravṛddhā viṣaya-pravālāḥ

adhaś ca mūlāny anusaḿtatāni karmānubandhīni manuṣya-loke

 

(3)

na rūpam asyeha tathopalabhyate nānto na cādir na ca saḿpratiṣṭhā

aśvattham enaḿ su-virūḍha-mūlam asańga-śastreṇa dṛḍhena chittvā

 

(4)

tataḥ padaḿ tat-parimārgitavyaḿ yasmin gatā na nivartanti bhūyaḥ

tam eva cādyaḿ puruṣaḿ prapadye yataḥ pravṛttiḥ prasṛtā purāṇī

 

(5)

nirmāna-mohā jita-sańga-doṣā adhyātma-nityā vinivṛtta-kāmāḥ

dvandvair vimuktāḥ sukha-duḥkha-saḿjñair gacchanty amūḍhāḥ padam avyayaḿ tat

 

(6)

na tad bhāsayate sūryo na śaśāńko na pāvakaḥ

yad gatvā na nivartante tad dhāma paramaḿ mama

 

(7)

mamaivāḿśo jīva-loke jīva-bhūtaḥ sanātanaḥ

manaḥ-ṣaṣṭhānīndriyāṇi prakṛti-sthāni karṣati

 

(8)

śarīraḿ yad avāpnoti yac cāpy utkrāmatīśvaraḥ

gṛhītvaitāni saḿyāti vāyur gandhān ivāśayāt

 

(9)

śrotraḿ cakṣuḥ sparśanaḿ ca rasanaḿ ghrāṇam eva ca

adhiṣṭhāya manaś cāyaḿ viṣayān upasevate

 

(10)

utkrāmantaḿ sthitaḿ vāpi bhuñjānaḿ vā guṇānvitam

vimūḍhā nānupaśyanti paśyanti jñāna-cakṣuṣaḥ

 

(11)

yatanto yoginaś cainaḿ paśyanty ātmany avasthitam

yatanto’py akṛtātmāno nainaḿ paśyanty acetasaḥ

 

(12)

yad āditya-gataḿ tejo jagad bhāsayate’khilam

yac candramasi yac cāgnau tat tejo viddhi māmakam

 

(13)

gām āviśya ca bhūtāni dhārayāmy aham ojasā

puṣṇāmi cauṣadhīḥ sarvāḥ somo bhūtvā rasātmakaḥ

 

(14)

ahaḿ vaiśvānaro bhūtvā prāṇināḿ deham āśritaḥ

prāṇāpāna-samāyuktaḥ pacāmy annaḿ catur-vidham

 

(15)

sarvasya cāhaḿ hṛdi saḿniviṣṭo mattaḥ smṛtir jñānam apohanaḿ ca

vedaiś ca sarvair aham eva vedyo vedānta-kṛd veda-vid eva cāham

 

(16)

dvāv imau puruṣau loke kṣaraś cākṣara eva ca

kṣaraḥ sarvāṇi bhūtāni kūṭastho’kṣara ucyate

 

(17)

uttamaḥ puruṣas tv anyaḥ paramātmety udāhṛtaḥ

yo loka-trayam āviśya bibharty avyaya īśvaraḥ

 

(18)

yasmāt kṣaram atīto’ham akṣarād api cottamaḥ

ato’smi loke vede ca prathitaḥ puruṣottamaḥ

 

(19)

yo mām evam asaḿmūḍho jānāti puruṣottamam

sa sarva-vid bhajati māḿ sarva-bhāvena bhārata

 

(20)

iti guhyatamaḿ śāstram idam uktaḿ mayānagha

etad buddhvā buddhimān syāt kṛta-kṛtyaś ca bhārata

 

TRANSLATION

1) The Blessed Lord said: There is a banyan tree which has its roots upward and its branches down and whose leaves are the Vedic hymns. One who knows this tree is the knower of the Vedas.

 

2) The branches of this tree extend downward and upward, nourished by the three modes of material nature. The twigs are the objects of the senses. This tree also has roots going down, and these are bound to the fruitive actions of human society.

 

3-4) The real form of this tree cannot be perceived in this world. No one can understand where it ends, where it begins, or where its foundation is. But with determination one must cut down this tree with the weapon of detachment. So doing, one must seek that place from which, having once gone, one never returns, and there surrender to that Supreme Personality of Godhead from whom everything has began and in whom everything is abiding since time immemorial.

 

5) One who is free from illusion, false prestige, and false association, who understands the eternal, who is done with material lust and is freed from the duality of happiness and distress, and who knows how to surrender unto the Supreme Person, attains to that eternal kingdom.

 

6) That abode of Mine is not illumined by the sun or moon, nor by electricity. One who reaches it never returns to this material world.

 

7) The living entities in this conditioned world are My eternal, fragmental parts. Due to conditioned life, they are struggling very hard with the six senses, which include the mind.

 

8) The living entity in the material world carries his different conceptions of life from one body to another as the air carries aromas.

 

9) The living entity, thus taking another gross body, obtains a certain type of ear, tongue, and nose and sense of touch, which are grouped about the mind. He thus enjoys a particular set of sense objects.

 

10) The foolish cannot understand how a living entity can quit his body, nor can they understand what sort of body he enjoys under the spell of the modes of nature. But one whose eyes are trained in knowledge can see all this.

 

11) The endeavoring transcendentalist, who is situated in self-realization, can see all this clearly. But those who are not situated in self-realization cannot see what is taking place, though they may try to.

 

12) The splendor of the sun, which dissipates the darkness of this whole world, comes from Me. And the splendor of the moon and the splendor of fire are also from Me.

 

13) I enter into each planet, and by My energy they stay in orbit. I become the moon and thereby supply the juice of life to all vegetables.

 

14) I am the fire of digestion in every living body, and I am the air of life, outgoing and incoming, by which I digest the four kinds of foodstuff.

 

15) I am seated in everyone's heart, and from Me come remembrance, knowledge and forgetfulness. By all the Vedas I am to be known; indeed I am the compiler of Vedanta, and I am the knower of the Vedas.

 

16) There are two classes of beings, the fallible and the infallible. In the material world every entity is fallible, and in the spiritual world every entity is called infallible.

 

17) Besides these two, there is the greatest living personality, the Lord Himself, who has entered into these worlds and is maintaining them.

 

18) Because I am transcendental, beyond both the fallible and the infallible, and because I am the greatest, I am celebrated both in the world and in the Vedas as that Supreme Person.

 

19) Whoever knows Me as the Supreme Personality of Godhead, without doubting, is to be understood as the knower of everything, and He therefore engages himself in full devotional service, O son of Bharata.

 

20) This is the most confidential part of the Vedic scriptures, O sinless one, and it is disclosed now by Me. Whoever understands this will become wise, and his endeavors will know perfection.

 

REMARKS/EXTRA INFORMATION:

No Extra Information available for this song!

 

PURPORTS:

http://kksongs.org/images/sp_purport.jpg        By A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

 

UPDATED: November 8, 2015