Krsna Kirtana Songs est. 2001 www.kksongs.org
Song Name: Ye Sastra Vidhim Utsrjya
Official Name: Book 6 Bhagavad Gita Parva Section 41 (Section 17)
ye śāstra-vidhim utsṛjya yajante śraddhayānvitāḥ
teṣāḿ niṣṭhā tu kā kṛṣṇa sattvam āho rajas tamaḥ
tri-vidhā bhavati śraddhā dehināḿ sā svabhāvajā
sāttvikī rājasī caiva tāmasī ceti tāḿ śṛṇu
sattvānurūpā sarvasya śraddhā bhavati bhārata
śraddhāmayo’yaḿ puruṣo yo yac-chraddhaḥ sa eva saḥ
yajante sāttvikā devān yakṣa-rakṣāḿsi rājasāḥ
pretān bhūta-gaṇāḿś cānye yajante tāmasā janāḥ
aśāstra-vihitaḿ ghoraḿ tapyante ye tapo janāḥ
karśayantaḥ śarīrasthaḿ bhūta-grāmam acetasaḥ
māḿ caivāntaḥ-śarīra-sthaḿ tān viddhy āsura-niścayān
āhāras tv api sarvasya tri-vidho bhavati priyaḥ
yajñas tapas tathā dānaḿ teṣāḿ bhedam imaḿ śṛṇu
rasyāḥ snigdhāḥ sthirā hṛdyā āhārāḥ sāttvika-priyāḥ
āhārā rājasasyeṣṭā duḥkha-śokāmaya-pradāḥ
yātayāmaḿ gata-rasaḿ pūti paryuṣitaḿ ca yat
ucchiṣṭam api cāmedhyaḿ bhojanaḿ tāmasa-priyam
aphalākāńkṣibhir yajño vidhi-dṛṣṭo ya ijyate
yaṣṭavyam eveti manaḥ samādhāya sa sāttvikaḥ
abhisandhāya tu phalaḿ dambhārtham api caiva yat
ijyate bharata-śreṣṭha taḿ yajñaḿ viddhi rājasam
vidhi-hīnam asṛṣṭānnaḿ mantra-hīnam adakṣiṇam
śraddhā-virahitaḿ yajñaḿ tāmasaḿ paricakṣate
deva-dvija-guru-prājña-pūjanaḿ śaucam ārjavam
brahmacaryam ahiḿsā ca śārīraḿ tapa ucyate
anudvega-karaḿ vākyaḿ satyaḿ priya-hitaḿ ca yat
svādhyāyābhyasanaḿ caiva vāń-mayaḿ tapa ucyate
manaḥ-prasādaḥ saumyatvaḿ maunam ātma-vinigrahaḥ
bhāva-saḿśuddhir ity etat tapo mānasam ucyate
śraddhayā parayā taptaḿ tapas tat tri-vidhaḿ naraiḥ
aphalākāńkṣibhir yuktaiḥ sāttvikaḿ paricakṣate
satkāra-māna-pūjārthaḿ tapo dambhena caiva yat
kriyate tad iha proktaḿ rājasaḿ calam adhruvam
mūḍha-grāheṇātmano yat pīḍayā kriyate tapaḥ
parasyotsādanārthaḿ vā tat tāmasam udāhṛtam
dātavyam iti yad dānaḿ dīyate’nupakāriṇe
deśe kāle ca pātre ca tad dānaḿ sāttvikaḿ smṛtam
yat tu pratyupakārārthaḿ phalam uddiśya vā punaḥ
dīyate ca parikliṣṭaḿ tad dānaḿ rājasaḿ smṛtam
adeśa-kāle yad dānam apātrebhyaś ca dīyate
asatkṛtam avajñātaḿ tat tāmasam udāhṛtam
oḿ tat sad iti nirdeśo brahmaṇas tri-vidhaḥ smṛtaḥ
brāhmaṇās tena vedāś ca yajñāś ca vihitāḥ purā
tasmād oḿ ity udāhṛtya yajña-dāna-tapaḥ-kriyāḥ
pravartante vidhānoktāḥ satataḿ brahma-vādinām
tad ity anabhisandhāya phalaḿ yajña-tapaḥ-kriyāḥ
dāna-kriyāś ca vividhāḥ kriyante mokṣa-kāńkṣibhiḥ
sad-bhāve sādhu-bhāve ca sad ity etat prayujyate
praśaste karmaṇi tathā sac-chabdaḥ pārtha yujyate
yajñe tapasi dāne ca sthitiḥ sad iti cocyate
karma caiva tad-arthīyaḿ sad ity evābhidhīyate
aśraddhayā hutaḿ dattaḿ tapas taptaḿ kṛtaḿ ca yat
asad ity ucyate pārtha na ca tat pretya no iha
1) Arjuna said, O Krsna, what is the situation of one who does not follow the principles of scripture but who worships according to his own imagination? Is he in goodness, in passion or in ignorance?
2) The Supreme Lord said, according to the modes of nature acquired by the embodied soul, one's faith can be of three kinds--goodness, passion or ignorance. Now hear about these.
3) According to one's existence under the various modes of nature, one evolves a particular kind of faith. The living being is said to be of a particular faith according to the modes he has acquired.
4) Men in the mode of goodness worship the demigods; those in the mode of passion worship the demons; and those in the mode of ignorance worship ghosts and spirits.
5-6) Those who undergo severe austerities and penances not recommended in the scriptures, performing them out of pride, egoism, lust and attachment, who are impelled by passion and who torture their bodily organs as well as the Supersoul dwelling within are to be known as demons.
7) Even food of which all partake is of three kinds, according to the three modes of material nature. The same is true of sacrifices, austerities and charity. Listen, and I shall tell you of the distinctions of these.
8-10) Foods in the mode of goodness increase the duration of life, purify one's existence and give strength, health, happiness and satisfaction. Such nourishing foods are sweet, juicy, fattening and palatable. Foods that are too bitter, too sour, salty, pungent, dry and hot, are liked by people in the modes of passion. Such foods cause pain, distress, and disease. Food cooked more than three hours before being eaten, which is tasteless, stale, putrid, decomposed and unclean, is food liked by people in the mode of ignorance.
11) Of sacrifices, that sacrifice performed according to duty and to scriptural rules, and with no expectation of reward, is of the nature of goodness.
12) But that sacrifice performed for some material end or benefit or preformed ostentatiously, out of pride, is of the nature of passion, O chief of the Bharatas.
13) And that sacrifice performed in defiance of scriptural injunctions, in which no spiritual food is distributed, no hymns are chanted and no remunerations are made to the priests, and which is faithless--that sacrifice is of the nature of ignorance.
14) The austerity of the body consists in this: worship of the Supreme Lord, the brahmanas, the spiritual master, and superiors like the father and mother. Cleanliness, simplicity, celibacy and nonviolence are also austerities of the body.
15) Austerity of speech consists in speaking truthfully and beneficially and in avoiding speech that offends. One should also recite the Vedas regularly.
16) And serenity, simplicity, gravity, self-control and purity of thought are the austerities of the mind.
17) This threefold austerity, practiced by men whose aim is not to benefit themselves materially but to please the Supreme, is of the nature of goodness.
18) Those ostentatious penances and austerities which are performed in order to gain respect, honor and reverence are said to be in the mode of passion. They are neither stable nor permanent.
19) And those penances and austerities which are performed foolishly by means of obstinate self-torture, or to destroy or injure others, are said to be in the mode of ignorance.
20) That gift which is given out of duty, at the proper time and place, to a worthy person, and without expectation of return, is considered to be charity in the mode of goodness.
21) But charity performed with the expectation of some return, or with a desire for fruitive results, or in a grudging mood, is said to be charity in the mode of passion.
22) And charity performed at an improper place and time and given to unworthy persons without respect and with contempt is charity in the mode of ignorance.
23) From the beginning of creation, the three syllables--om tat sat--have been used to indicate the Supreme Absolute Truth [Brahman]. They were uttered by brahmanas while chanting Vedic hymns and during sacrifices, for the satisfaction of the Supreme.
24) Thus the transcendentalists undertake sacrifices, charities, and penances, beginning always with om, to attain the Supreme.
25) One should perform sacrifice, penance and charity with the word tat. The purpose of such transcendental activities is to get free from the material entanglement.
26-27) The Absolute Truth is the objective of devotional sacrifice, and it is indicated by the word sat. These works of sacrifice, of penance and of charity, true to the absolute nature, are performed to please the Supreme Person, O son of Prtha.
28) But sacrifices, austerities and charities performed without faith in the Supreme are nonpermanent, O son of Prtha, regardless of whatever rites are performed. They are called asat and are useless both in this life and the next.
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UPDATED: December 22, 2015